Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born in 1833 in Sweden, and soon followed the steps of his father in the manufacturing of explosives. He was the first to find a way to be able to control and commercialize nitroglycerin, a powerful explosive which had been discovered in 1847. He was the inventor of the blasting cap for nitroglycerin, allowing to control the explosive’s detonation, as well as of dynamite, and of many other explosive products, such as blasting gelatin. Nobel’s inventions were rapidly commercialized everywhere around the globe. Interested in literature and poetry, he was also known for being a philanthropist. Although Nobel was seen as the man who brought death, he decided to leave most of his fortune to start a prize awarding the greatest intellectual achievements that helped the humanity in the fields of sciences, literature and peace.