The Second Congo War

The Second Congo War (1998-2003), also know as the Great War of Africa, was the deadliest war in modern Africa History. Involving seven countries and around twenty armed groups, the origins of the war go back to the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. The genocide resulted in an estimated 2 million refugees, mostly Hutu, that poured over Rwanda’s western border into the Congo. A de facto army was created in the refugee camps who terrorised the Congolese Tutsi until an uprising in October 1996 that marked the beginning of the First Congo War (1996-1997). In 1998, while Eastern Congo was still an unstable war zone, the country was invaded again by Rwanda and Uganda. A five-year conflict started, opposing Congolese forces financed by Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe, against rebels supported by Uganda and Rwanda. 5.4 million people lost their lives and the Second Congo War was the worst humanitarian disaster since Second World War. In July 1999, the Lusaka Peace accords were signed and the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo was launched with 5000 UN peacekeepers.


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