In 2000, just as we entered a new millennium, the United Nations’ members defined eight development goals that should be achieved until 2015:
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Reduce child mortality
- Improve maternal health
- Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Global partnership for development.
Undeniably, these goals have mobilized many different actors in the society, from States to private institutions, to the civil society itself; women in general enjoy more rights, there is more concern about the environment and extreme poverty has decreased by half.
Nevertheless, we will be entering 2015 in one year and a half, and except if there is an unexpected change in the world, we are not even near to achieving these Millennium Development Goals. These latter aim at creating a society in which we all have better conditions of living, as a population. Disparities between “North” and “South” countries are far from being eradicated, showing that there is still a long way to go.
The objectives remain necessary and extremely important. They encourage huge investments by the global community, and they represent a small hope for the future of humanity. Today (25.09.2013), the UN gathers to review these Millennium Development Goals. It is an opportunity not only to be realistic about how much has been accomplished so far, but also to think about what comes after 2015. It is an opportunity for us to understand what were our mistakes and to transform them into successes.
15 years have passed and the world has changed a lot for the better. Let’s hope we will continue on this path, with realistic views to what we want to achieve.