“Anyone who is not governed by what Allah has revealed is among the transgressors”, that is the motto of Boko Haram, an Islamic jihadist and takfiri terrorist organization based in the Northeast of Nigeria, along the border with Cameroon.
In 2002, Mohammed Yusuf, a powerful Muslim cleric, founded the organization and established a religious complex including a mosque and an Islamic school. Like stated in The JR Chronicle so many times when writing about terrorism, the success of the Boko Haram was deeply rooted in the poverty of its followers.
Indeed, many poor Muslim families enrolled their children at his school, and year by year, the number of Boko Haram’s militants just kept increasing. As Yusuf’s goal was to establish a pure Islamic state ruled by the sharia law, “Westernization” quickly became its archenemy.
Kidnapping and killing Westerners, bombing churches and police stations became their mode of action.
In 2009, following several police station attacks that killed hundreds of people, the Nigerian government captured Yusuf and declared Boko Haram defeated. Unfortunetly but clearly predictable, taking down the head of the terrorist organization did not destroy the network.
The group has continued to stage different attacks and“fuelling tension between Muslims and Christians”, in a region already affected by religious tension as the war in Central African Republic has revealed. Since their establishement, Boko Haram have killed more than 10 000 people.In 2013, they attacked a State School in Mamudo and killed more then 40 students in July and another 40 undergraduates in the College of Agriculture in Gubja.